Peru is often called “The land of the Incas”. This name is derived from the famous nation which was destroyed during an invasion of the Europeans. It is interesting to think, where this nation, that was able to build monumental structures, read from the stars and manage a huge imperium a couple of hundred years ago, would be today. If you visit the biggest tourist attractions such as the unforgettable Machu Picchu, mysterious Lake Titicaca, figures in the Nazca Desert, or the famous city of Cusco, this unforgettable event will touch your soul.
It is even possible to go deeper into Peru. You can leave the popular tourist routes and find many places where tribes live without an intervention of the civilization, a place where you would be alone, just silence, and snowy peaks of hills which are six thousand feet high. If you like adventure you can get to the heart of the wild rainforest by a canoe carved from a single piece of wood.
This all is Peru, as well as thousands of species of animals that live there, from hummingbirds to huge Andean condors and llamas, lively festivals and celebrations and colorful markets where you can buy anything you can think of. On the top of that local people are ussually dressed in beautiful folk costumes. You should also visit colonial buildings and churches which were built by Spanish conquistadors. Peru boasts not only by countless Inca constructions but also by modern shopping malls. The western part of Peru is surrounded by Pacific Ocean. English is generally spoken in the capital city and larger tourist destinations, but in other parts of the country basic knowledge of Spanish is welcomed and sometimes even necessary.
The climate of the Pacific coast is cool and dry because of the Humboldt Current. The northern coast is much warmer as the cold stream diverges to the west here. The climate of the Andes (the longest continental mountain range in the world) is alpine and differs according to the altitude. In the Amazonian lowlands of the northeastern part of the country the climate is hot during the whole year. In the City of Lima located near the Pacific coast the average temperature in January is 23° C and the average temperature in July is 16° C.