Geography & Climate
Located on the northern coast of South America, Venezuela is a large country with a population of approximately 28 million. The land is larger than that of California, Oregon, and Washington combined (over 352,000 square miles). It is divided into 20 states, the Federal District around Caracas, two territories, and 72 islands. Its borders are the Atlantic Ocean and Guyana on the east, Brazil to the south, Colombia in the west and the Caribbean to the north. The geography varies from the coastal region, to the Andean region of snow-capped peaks and temperate forests, to the tropical Maracaibo region, to the southern “Guyana Shield” and area of savanna and rain forest. The rain forests shelter Venezuela’s most exotic animals as well as some untouched tribes.
The coastal capital city of Caracas, with a population of almost four million, has a higher standard of living than any other Latin American city. Venezuela is quite demographically diverse, with about 58% of mixed race, 29% of European descent, 11% of African descent and 2% native Indians Russian Trains. Approximately 75,000 Americans currently live in Venezuela. Continue reading
Peru is often called “The land of the Incas”. This name is derived from the famous nation which was destroyed during an invasion of the Europeans. It is interesting to think, where this nation, that was able to build monumental structures, read from the stars and manage a huge imperium a couple of hundred years ago, would be today. If you visit the biggest tourist attractions such as the unforgettable Machu Picchu, mysterious Lake Titicaca, figures in the Nazca Desert, or the famous city of Cusco, this unforgettable event will touch your soul.
It is even possible to go deeper into Peru. You can leave the popular tourist routes and find many places where tribes live without an intervention of the civilization, a place where you would be alone, just silence, and snowy peaks of hills which are six thousand feet high. If you like adventure you can get to the heart of the wild rainforest by a canoe carved from a single piece of wood.
This all is Peru, as well as thousands of species of animals that live there, from hummingbirds to huge Andean condors and llamas, lively festivals and celebrations and colorful markets where you can buy anything you can think of. On the top of that local people are ussually dressed in beautiful folk costumes. You should also visit colonial buildings and churches which were built by Spanish conquistadors. Peru boasts not only by countless Inca constructions but also by modern shopping malls. The western part of Peru is surrounded by Pacific Ocean. English is generally spoken in the capital city and larger tourist destinations, but in other parts of the country basic knowledge of Spanish is welcomed and sometimes even necessary.
The climate of the Pacific coast is cool and dry because of the Humboldt Current. The northern coast is much warmer as the cold stream diverges to the west here. The climate of the Andes (the longest continental mountain range in the world) is alpine and differs according to the altitude. In the Amazonian lowlands of the northeastern part of the country the climate is hot during the whole year. In the City of Lima located near the Pacific coast the average temperature in January is 23° C and the average temperature in July is 16° C.